Since the outbreak of conflict in … (*���(%�8H����8c�-�� f�ԉd�9�@6_IjH��9���(3=�D����R�1%? /Type /Catalog 4330 0 obj c� pD�3z������)�n���c;�9"�2�E]��,���ŵӃ�Rz��&:���T�}`6H0��؍!����;���@�@f��`�)��@X��^�MlJjg�p�;eo������+)�p���b �9Y����'S+�\Q�RrY���c�#4i�|��&�7:p�1XwD� ����B,�>�)ɟ�C~d:8)�v6{�+�Q�e�A�Չ��Jm����B��L�DޓA7�?��d;�DHA~� 'c�?����T��� /FirstChar 32 4361 0 R 4362 0 R 4363 0 R 4364 0 R ] /AIS false arise if invasives species are left unmanaged, and advocates for a strong policy and strategy in Ethiopia to deal with them. /O 4332 0000040926 00000 n /Encode [ 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 ] 0000038051 00000 n The PSNP is a major component of the Government of Ethiopia’s Food Security Program and plays a critical role in building the resilience capacity of chronically food insecure communities to drought and other shocks. 0000037290 00000 n 4344 0 R /T1_0 4348 0 R /SH1 4353 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> 0 0000005776 00000 n proof:pdf %PDF-1.6 %���� -81.6749 0.849762 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 -6.67491 0.0 ] /4 [ 342.0 2.0 2.0 -176.0 4.0 -1224.0 333.0 1224.0 333.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 333.0 ] /9 [ 441.0 9.0 << 4337 0 obj 4"�\��q(���� .��0؃�o�� JuzwYt��CW}Е��$l.ˢ��9NDd����QP a��S�c�6���Z��A+�^%�v�6��'L�)�7@���G���0��V=ic}G\I�W�_γ�����b�*����^մ��N����t�V~��a�(ea�[z*|׻;'���tO��e~���` ��� /FunctionType 2 4345 0 obj 0.0 4.0 -583.228 -366.378 -27.2283 365.622 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 76.8284 24.378 ] >> endobj 4338 0 obj /PageLayout /OneColumn This strategy addresses both the supply and the demand side of the food l /ID [] /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. 0000024406 00000 n PROCESS /Filter /FlateDecode /Resources << /ExtGState << /GS0 4333 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /CS0 4334 0 R >> Programming includes institutional strengthening of PSNP4, local governments, and communities; and increasing agricultural productivity, income, and nutritional status. 0000005728 00000 n Food Security involves four aspects entitled the Four Dimensions of Food Security. 0000001195 00000 n endobj Now in its fourth phase, the PSNP has expanded from its traditional emphasis on food and cash transfers for work Those four dimensions are easy to extract from the WFS definition and are, together, equally useful as a tool for food security analysis. Black 0 << 4.0 -305.228 -396.0 -305.228 396.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 -305.228 0.0 ] /8 [ 440.0 /H [ 1375 677 ] Hence, the purpose of this study is to examine the food insecurity situation and identify the determinants among the rural households of Boset district. /Filter /FlateDecode 2014-05-15T16:59:44-04:00 endstream endobj startxref 2. >> xmp.iid:FA7F1174072068118083AB7D686FA4DB >> >> A Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) 1.0 -612.0 -396.0 ] >> /LastModified (�� D : 2 0 2 0 1 1 1 2 1 7 5 7 3 1 Z) << /BleedBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] /Root 4331 0 R /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] C=96 M=39 Y=0 K=73 Adobe PDF library 10.01 endstream Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) To review the impacts of Conflict on food and nutritional security in Ethiopia. The previous section has shown the depth of overall poverty and food insecurity, which the Government is committed to addressing through implementation of Food Security Strategy. ;���jx9���~1+�I�ւ��m�68�N��md>�V��R�Qkp���*�J��,�\+=���� �g�~�b�u���;� from application/postscript to application/vnd.adobe.illustrator MethodsThe paper was developed through literature survey approach. The National Food and Nutrition Policy (NFNP) updates and revises the National Nutrition Policy of 2007. 0000014987 00000 n PDF | Food security relates directly to nutrition and health. /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] H�\��j� ��>�w�ٜ%P�r����NR�eby��6l�*����s���)d�o݀�@�q�;��@�ڂ. [ /DeviceN [ /Cyan /Magenta /Black ] /DeviceCMYK 4335 0 R 4336 0 R ] uuid:5D20892493BFDB11914A8590D31508C8 /Bounds [ 0.544 ] endstream endobj 602 0 obj <>stream Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. /E 41233 0000023152 00000 n 0000039550 00000 n uuid:74e3e5b9-783c-5e47-af85-93e9e90612ff 0000002052 00000 n /��6��b�, .��C[���{����.�\�S�&j{X�� Px���ȇ��+��>��'��y���\�{r1{����B\ �7MN � �Xc���{p�����_�Z�O��{~C�>{:fo˯��w�wS�p���c���8ux;��=D��"��m^�j�2�+� YJa� Ethiopia is currently facing new challenges related to food insecurity among the urban poor. 0.000000 0000000017 00000 n Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) /OP false National Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding: 2004--- Labour Proclamation No. False /Subtype /XML 0000035799 00000 n Ethiopia has made significant progress on food security and nutrition although challenges remain. 2y�.-;!���K�Z� ���^�i�"L��0���-�� @8(��r�;q��7�L��y��&�Q��q�4�j���|�9�� his article examines the food security situation in Ethiopia during the COVID-19 pandemic and attempts to glimpse into the future. xmp.iid:F2ACD67AA62168118083EB5D5DA1DEC0 /Contents [ 4354 0 R 4355 0 R 4356 0 R 4357 0 R 4358 0 R 4359 0 R 4360 0 R Impacts of prosopis on food security and livelihoods in Northeast Ethiopia Prosopis juliflora is a multipurpose dry land tree or shrub native to South America, Central America and the Caribbean (Pasiecznik et al., 2001). roadmap. 2014-05-15T16:59:44-04:00 >> /Type /Font 100.000000 According to United Nations, food security means that "all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life". CMYK stream endobj Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) /Function 4339 0 R 0000014538 00000 n 0.000000 4331 0 obj /SMask /None 4339 0 obj endobj Ethiopia is vulnerable to climate change because our economies largely depend on climate-sensitive agricultural production. << /Range [ 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 ] /OriginalDocumentID State of Food Security in Ethiopia. endobj Cyan xmp.did:32CA993CD92068118083EB5D5DA1DEC0 0000038770 00000 n endobj /Size 4366 endstream endobj 599 0 obj <>stream False food insecurity and help to design advance strategies to alleviate food insecurity in Ethiopia. /C1 [ 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] There is no empirical evidence on Jimma Town pensioner’s household food insecurity and coping strategies. h�bbd``b`�� c$�`��4�S#�P\Q@"�� � �s&F�G@#�� 0 0 596 581 0 0 0 0 703 761 0 340 623 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 634 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 endstream endobj 596 0 obj <>/Metadata 78 0 R/Names 609 0 R/Outlines 621 0 R/PageLabels 586 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 589 0 R/StructTreeRoot 179 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 610 0 R>> endobj 597 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 281/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 598 0 obj <>stream /ArtBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] The Food Security Strategy A. Overview of the Strategy 20. /ColorSpace 4334 0 R These problems are often complicated by the synergy of nutrition with childhood infections. 96.000000 39.000000 endobj /TrimBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. -324.65 -99.1 -301.65 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /3 [ 319.0 1.0 2.0 -540.0 Most beneficiaries are employed in labor-intensive public works for six months per year with a small 2.2.1 Availability The first dimension is the availability. 0.000000 4343 0 obj H��6R��KI�P0�3 ��"�Ԋ����$C���� �OBL.b@�.�:s]t3PT��4�Tȅ���Ҕ���p�M���� � �k �FX� PIF preparation was guided by existing policies and strategies of the Government of Ethiopia. /Subtype /NChannel 0000035020 00000 n 0000013669 00000 n The four DFSAs share similar goals that support the FFP Food Security Strategy in Ethiopia and programs implemented by the Government of Ethiopia under PSNP4. /ca 1.0 stream 4344 0 obj / /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 ] Food security Crisis across much of western Ethiopia drives significantly above-normal needs for 2021. -325.0 -193.2 -301.65 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /2 [ 276.0 18.0 3.0 79.5 CONCLUSIONS. /N 1.0 >> >> h�b```b``����� x�A�X��バ'KS ���� ;�%D�D��q�`��y��TC�,��9���ϱ,c:��\!r�!&�a�᭡!n�W�Ⱥ^�t[�;%K�J���pѷ����H�-a!� Bu]:2,:�:2:8�� �;8 2 l A���������~ � �|�@`Tf�g��]�` �����݊#��� �����pb�c`X�����}"�vg`t���ƒӗ��t+D�a&{0��(iV�)`q�@*����4D�� c�g� 0000001375 00000 n 0000035081 00000 n d i d : d 6 e f 9 d 9 b - 5 7 d 7 - 9 1 4 2 - 9 8 7 8 - c 5 3 a 0 d 4 b e 7 b d) CMYK >> 2.0 43.15 -341.65 269.4 -329.65 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /10 [ 443.0 10.0 /FontDescriptor 4346 0 R WBG_Horizontal-CMYK 363.5 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /15 [ 2037.0 6.0 4.0 -579.333 258.123 ]��b����q�i����"��w8=�8�Y�W�ȁf8}ކ3�aK�� tx��g�^삠+v��!�a�{Bhk� ��5Y�liFe�̓T���?����}YV�-ަ��x��B����m̒�N��(�}H)&�,�#� ��o0 uuid:7f83a257-2c54-5245-aeaa-8b868a7397e1 0.000000 endobj Poverty . 4. /MediaBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] (�� x m p . The specific objectives of the paper are; To review the Food and nutrition security-conflict nexus. converted /StructTreeRoot 188 0 R This commonly refers to people having "physical and economic access" to food that meets both their nutritional needs and food preferences. ���f�G�2y�etu�D^� 0000005056 00000 n << /Type /Page /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding / /StructParents 53 /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] the four components of the Food Security Program, and it contributes to achievement of the FSP’s expected Outcome of “improved food security status of male and female members of food insecure households living in chronically food insecure woredas.” • CCI … The Government of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) is one of the largest safety net programs in the world. [ 490.0 8.0 2.0 54.0 -285.001 540.0 52.6115 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 299.764 -226.245 Better understanding of major determinants of food security at household level is important to design appropriate interventions in order to ensure food security for food insecure households in Ethiopia. saved and their impact on food security and nutrition 51 2.2 Commodity dependence and its relevance for food security and nutrition 61 2.3 Nexus between economic growth, poverty, and food security and nutrition: the role of inequality 79 2.4 Policies for achieving sustainable escapes from food insecurity and malnutrition in the /CA 1.0 Ethiopia’s government has been following agricultural development led industrialization policy strategy (ADLI) since 1993. This section provides a brief overview of the current food security and nutrition context in which USG investments are being made. /Functions [ 4340 0 R 4341 0 R ] /Linearized 1 H���yTSw�oɞ����c [���5la�QIBH�ADED���2�mtFOE�.�c��}���0��8�׎�8G�Ng�����9�w���߽��� �'����0 �֠�J��b� 0000034709 00000 n C=100 M=0 Y=0 K=0 16 /DocumentID ObjectivesThe overall objective of this study is to assess food security situation and its profile in Ethiopia.Especially the study will try to:-Review food security and its dimension in the general context; Review the possible major sources of food insecurity in Ethiopia; Review major coping strategy used by rural households during food shortage. 4334 0 obj A cross-sectional study was conducted … pf�JS���͖�s� �h�6�At���6Ȱ *�2��Y�6̋�iȍ���o�yu�+�������M����ӄ�Hx�����‘���u3��B��د}���$� ���( =�S�}� S� h��W[o�6�+|l0d���$�0��u`� r�aA�u�ɲ!�[��w%Ҕc'�_�=�<7��Q�,!�h��9ќ��\)᱄1"���:!�% LR""�ւ�H��Ǐt:�@/M�7l8�?+rF�� �T-6ˢZ��n:�n��cx���m��֞����|���SA�”���q4ի�6�p���1��ٖ��0/�Ґ��nF�z5�\�YB!8*?X²�||��oy�zqMo6�:/�dL�������ۻk�i6��iv�7�je��ek����[C���l;;޸Y��%� M'������HЩ�D�tV櫆 krq���p�Xde�ɬ�G+���|�0���.�:^QhX` �s�� ��>����W����M�xv�"�k�d�^���W+($�Ykֿ��uy�*�\�vS�?�T��m�XYT�����~-�q�~=+ꦝJ��|��}j1�94�4�|� /T 1019533 d i d : 9 8 3 e 5 2 a 4 - e 6 8 3 - 0 2 4 d - b d e 9 - 7 f d b 3 0 6 9 a b 3 7) converted endstream /Components [ /Cyan /Magenta /Yellow /Black ] ��E���+�%����������� ��J�5��a�� 4.000000 They are both members of the Aspen Institute Food Security Strategy Group. 4335 0 obj /Rotate 0 Inches 694 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.4 /Filter /FlateDecode endobj 0.000000 /BM /Normal the Food Security Strategy of Ethiopia. 4340 0 obj << 607 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[595 100]/Info 594 0 R/Length 79/Prev 479081/Root 596 0 R/Size 695/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 0 xmp.did:F2ACD67AA62168118083EB5D5DA1DEC0 2013-10-03T11:10:23-04:00 To review the causes of food and nutrition insecurity in Ethiopia. The development objective was to “sustainably increase rural incomes and national food security”. b) Food Security Situation in Ethiopia N'��)�].�u�J�r� 279.9 -292.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /0 [ 229.0 17.0 3.0 63.0 352.7 533.25 endobj )U!���$5�X�3/9�� �(�$5�j�%V*�'��&*���r" (,!��!�0b;�C��Ң2(��ɘ� � I�8/ Khalid Bomba is the CEO of Ethiopia’s Agricultural Transformation Agency.. Dan Glickman is executive director of the Aspen Institute’s Congressional Program and was formerly the US Secretary of Agriculture.. converted /ColorSpace /DeviceCMYK from application/postscript to application/vnd.adobe.illustrator from application/postscript to application/vnd.adobe.illustrator endobj 0 0 0 366 ] �׶�g��41��U���h-�Ì�s�WI�y�������S$"L�(h��F[�=fr�%I�w俠_p��tH��(n��ʼ�����ԑ� At individual level, the proportion of food … 72.999992 !�GU� �F���0 /PieceInfo << /InDesign << /PageItemUIDToLocationDataMap << /11 [ 444.0 7.0 CMYK (���@�ؤ�iE [�� �Ɛ�`���A���a&C CC8���V�y��e]��r�,5�V3�0�2�cz����&�z�7L���d�1I0I2JO������Q��8�:FQF�$aƃ�'�ʅ6���?�3*��0��7GcF�M�0�rƧLƌ����\�yϠl� �m >> /Metadata 187 0 R In the WFS definition it … estimation strategy; section 5 presents our results and we end with concluding remarks in ection s 6. 0000036575 00000 n 2014-05-15T16:59:44-04:00 %���� Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) 377/2003: 2003--- Food Security Strategy: 2002--- Food, Medicine and Health Care Administration and Control Council of Ministers Regulation (Regulation No. >> 4365 0 obj << << stream xref Climate change is happening and already affecting food security in Africa. /OPM 1 "F$H:R��!z��F�Qd?r9�\A&�G���rQ��h������E��]�a�4z�Bg�����E#H �*B=��0H�I��p�p�0MxJ$�D1��D, V���ĭ����KĻ�Y�dE�"E��I2���E�B�G��t�4MzN�����r!YK� ���?%_&�#���(��0J:EAi��Q�(�()ӔWT6U@���P+���!�~��m���D�e�Դ�!��h�Ӧh/��']B/����ҏӿ�?a0n�hF!��X���8����܌k�c&5S�����6�l��Ia�2c�K�M�A�!�E�#��ƒ�d�V��(�k��e���l ����}�}�C�q�9 /FunctionType 4 II DECLARATION I declare that livelihoods and coping strategies of rural households in Abela Lida Peasant Association of Shebedino district, Sidama zone in Southern region of Ethiopia is my own work 4333 0 obj 4332 0 obj << 2013-07-26T14:52-04:00 Today, Ethiopiafaces high levels of food insecurity, ranking as one of the hungriest countries in the world, with an estimated 5.2 million people needing food assistance in 2010. 4341 0 obj /7 [ 412.0 5.0 0.0 -579.333 258.123 -395.731 294.123 0.760132 0.0 0.0 0000040264 00000 n -395.731 294.123 0.760132 0.0 0.0 0.760132 -596.992 166.664 ] /14 [ 529.0 0000004474 00000 n Food security is defined, according to the World Food Summit of 1996, as existing "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life". trailer /Coords [ 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 ] proof:pdf H�\��j�0����l/JҴ�[�! 0000040987 00000 n /Shading << /Sh0 4338 0 R >> /Properties << /MC0 4342 0 R >> /Font << /T1_1 xmp.iid:FE7F117407206811808397DBB9DCE004 H��TMo�0��W�(�,ɖeE��sP�E�n�!I�4��?�rb���@�E��,i�Yz��-�������!�t8SP?�x�7,�^�����U�i�3�Jg��VZ�k�!�?�� In a nutshell, the economic policy, development strategy, food security strategy and food security program seem well linked. >> >> >> Print << It is hoped that through the effective roll-out of this implementation plan, Ethiopia will experience a paradigm shift towards the elimination of child undernutrition by 20 30. White Keywords : food security, economic growth, income distribution, inflationary pressure, population growth rate, budgetary deficits, supply side 0.000000 Survey method and implementation The PSNP is Ethiopia’s flagship rural food security program, operational since 2005. 0000005609 00000 n %�%�38� 0 � It best defines food security in the context of subsistence farmers which this study particularly deals with. /N 1.14355 application/pdf In Ethiopia, Feed the Future aims to improve long-term food security by connecting families to economic opportunities, financial services, and agricultural and nutrition services. �ꇆ��n���Q�t�}MA�0�al������S�x ��k�&�^���>�0|>_�'��,�G! / �x������- �����[��� 0����}��y)7ta�����>j���T�7���@���tܛ�`q�2��ʀ��&���6�Z�L�Ą?�_��yxg)˔z���çL�U���*�u�Sk�Se�O4?׸�c����.� � �� R� ߁��-��2�5������ ��S�>ӣV����d�`r��n~��Y�&�+`��;�A4�� ���A9� =�-�t��l�`;��~p���� �Gp| ��[`L��`� "A�YA�+��Cb(��R�,� *�T�2B-� endstream Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. It leverages on pre-existing policies, strategies and programmes in place to maximize lessons learned and apply best practices a t scale in a targeted approach. /Info 186 0 R endobj /Prev 1019520 /L 1106262 {���d��o�^Ի�|�? � 3. 0000023805 00000 n << 4.000000 The relationship between the TPLF/EPRDF and state security forces. x�c```b``�g`e`��c`@ �;ǯ)��@@��(`�|i��38Jد�_�y�.ϖ�r�Օ͘�R� [:w��g�@��9f3�j�.���i��������A�O�Mh�@� �$N&g�%Қ��$v2I�\��,�4�Y��֞E'���nF-�L�J)S�vV����©S��'�8�UȤ3X=`i�V(5�ں���j���&j��Y�I+��͐�)/''���=,�sKѥW *X4,heԱ��wxʹj՚��J:9�Ec⒬��[ *����S������J�rm:3� �䂢��;���h�F�\��G'�u*{@y?t��' x�Ā^�������>s��z]C8> (Hm^�D�#T�n��&�KP�[��04`*��! PROCESS >> << endstream endobj 601 0 obj <>stream /C0 [ 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] 0.000000 Ethiopia w… saved 0000022511 00000 n n�3ܣ�k�Gݯz=��[=��=�B�0FX'�+������t���G�,�}���/���Hh8�m�W�2p[����AiA��N�#8$X�?�A�KHI�{!7�. << >> 100.000000 endstream endobj 600 0 obj <>stream The goal of PIF was to “contribute to Ethiopia’s achievement of middle-income status by 2025”. /Metadata 4343 0 R /AntiAlias false ... Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views. 12.0 4.0 -1224.0 -285.0 1224.0 -285.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 -285.0 ] /13 [ 4342 0 obj /Lang (�� E N - U S) Document /Length 339 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /C1 [ 0.96 0.39 0.73 ] /FunctionType 3 0000014115 00000 n stream /Parent 177 0 R endobj >> 0000004617 00000 n At the heart of the analysis of the organization of security in Ethiopia lies the fact that both peaceful and more forceful challenges to the rule of the TPLF/EPRDF have been either disabled or suppressed. Pensioners are segments of the population with reduced income and working capacity because of advancement of age and other related problems. 4336 0 obj Food security and nutrition – the Ethiopian case for action - Volume 5 Issue 3 ... institutions and people concerned with food security in Ethiopia. /PageUIDList << /0 204 >> /PageTransformationMatrixList << /0 [ 1.0 0.0 0.0 0000004989 00000 n /Type /ExtGState (�� x m p . /ToUnicode 4345 0 R INTRODUCTION About 870 million people in the world are estimated to 0000005489 00000 n << 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 -394.377 333.828 ] /5 [ 365.0 3.0 2.0 -528.675 -156.0 << of Food for Peace to sustain and build on the previous food security improvements achieved under the Productive Safety Net Programme, or PSNP, the Government of Ethiopia’s rural safety net for food-insecure households. Nutrition and health 5 presents our results and we end with concluding remarks in ection s.. 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