The Bay County Historical Society hosts an annual event along the Saginaw River called “The River of Time.” Reenactors from all time periods are invited – from archaic Indians, French voyageurs, Revolutionary War, Civil War, all the way up to the Gulf War. By Kent Duryee. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559 Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. He wanted the volunteers to go directly to Santa Fe rather than taking the longer route via Bent’s Fort in … After his discharge, he traveled to Salt Lake (another 1,000 miles), arriving only a few months after the first Saints arrived. At the time they enlisted, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints were seeking U.S. government aid for their migration west to the Rocky Mountains and Salt Lake Valley, despite having their previous petitions for redress of grievances denied. I truly hope that is the result for you. I am the stake historical affairs representative. Headquarters Co. of the Mormon Battalion The battalion marched from Council Bluffs on 20 July 1846, arriving on 1 August 1846 at Fort Leavenworth (Kansas), where they were outfitted for their trek to Santa Fe. At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. That’s more than $1,100 in today’s money (sounds generous to me)! Where were their families, and by what route would they find them? On March 20, 2004, the battalion re-enactors paraded into San Juan Capistrano as part of the Swallows Day Parade. Saved from img.deseretnews.com. Historic and route information will be available for a fee. Latter-day Saint men were mustered into service at Council Bluffs, Iowa, on July 16, 1846. Perhaps you already know the story of the Mormon Battalion: pioneers were struggling across Iowa in 1846 after fleeing Nauvoo and then the US Army enlisted 500 men to respond to the Mexican–American War. After a year of service, the Battalion was disbanded at Los Angeles. Even before that, the first thing you probably notice on the map is the bold red line of their march, emphasizing the great distance. Q – Any other goals? Some members were among the first few to later find gold at Sutter’s Mill. “Planning dynamics have been changing to include insurance, permits, coordination of groups, campsites, food, water, communications, and other details. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. They completed what remains as one of the longest infantry marches in US military history. To order maps and brochures, please contact us. There will be a fee involved for participants ranging from $15 per day for day-trekkers to $50 per day for Cooke’s Cadre, and online reservations are required. A few key locations and events are noted. I serve on the multi-stake historical affairs committee, which is a branch of church public affairs. Mormon Battalion re-enactors marched up to the Mission San Juan Capistrano on that date — precisely 157 years after the original battalion walked up to the historic mission. The Mormon Battalion was the only religiously based unit in United States military history, [1] and it served from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican-American War.The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 [2] [3] and 559 [4] Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular US army officers. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. Cadre members will pitch a replica tent and will eat and sleep as a group, with meals and tents provided by trek leaders. He was finally reunited with his wife and family a year and a half after he left. While never engaging in battle, they were instrumental in building the southern road used by later pioneers to California as well as a northern route. Formerly known as the Mormon Battalion Visitors’ Center or Mormon Battalion Historic Site at San Diego, the site was established in 2009 and opened to the public in January 2010. Virtual Trails, a corporate sponsor of the trek, is developing a computer program that will provide updates of progress along the trail. Drive the Trail Ordering Maps. In the 1950s, the Mormons re-established a Mormon Battalion with the goal of erecting monuments along the entire march route to honor the original Battalion. Review of History May Be Searched in Vain: A Military History of the Mormon Battalion, by Sherman L. Fleek. Directions to the marker include: 35° 27.098′ N, 106° 21.231′ W. Marker is near Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico, in Sandoval County. On July 20 the battalion commenced a 180-mile march down the left bank of the Missouri for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Home Years in the United States Years by state of the United States Years in California 1851 in California Mormon Trail Monument. True faithful saints - they went though so much for us. Kevin Henson’s patrol of 11-year-old Boy Scouts, shown here in the “River of Time” reenactment. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. Though the map I created was not used by the historic site, it stands for me as a way to honor and bless Richard and all his Battalion companions. The Jewish Gathering to Palestine, Latest temple updates: 4 Pacific Area temples moving soon to Phase 3; 2 Chile temples paused, VIDEO: Accomplishing Your Righteous Goals One Small Step at a Time, When as a Mission President, I Couldn’t Feel the Spirit. March 6, 2015. One of the best sources I found was an Ensign article from 1979 by a history professor. The new road became a route to California and the Butterfield Stage was operated on the road twice weekly from 1858 to 1861. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. My job, then, as the cartographer, is to take that data and tell a compelling visual story using color, type, and other visual elements. The advanced training had to be learned between Nauvoo and Winter Quarters. Mormon Battalion Trail is one of the Historic Trails of America. On 16 July 1846, the Mormon Battalion officially came into existence under Lieutenant Colonel James Allen, Jr. at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. They met the leading families of the area and camped at the rancho of Don Juan Avila. It had very detailed maps to use as a basis for my map. The Mormon Battalion, a force of some six hundred recruited by the United States Army in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, became witnesses, if not prime movers, of many historical events during the westward expansion of the United States between 1846 and 1855. They arrived after marching almost 2,000 miles (3,200 kilometers) 1 under the direction of the United States Army. Each day, the trekkers will travel 17 to 20 miles. In order to accomplish this endeavor, a charitable corporation was organized. Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. They went in different directions and, along the way, discovered gold, blazed new routes into California, buried victims of the Donner Party, and proved themselves useful in incalculable ways. They are honored in San Diego history for their contributions in building up the town. There are many monuments scattered along the entire route but we are only concerned with the ones within Cochise County. So the map needed to be clean, clear, and inviting to look at. Mormon Battalion Trek FAQ . The toll was ten to fifteen bulls killed, two mules gored to death, three men wounded. Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. It is my hope that my maps will also help you gain even a little more understanding and appreciation for this portion of our Church history. The Mormon Battalion was formed in 1846, when President James K. Polk requested the Mormons raise a battalion of 500 men to march to California as part of the Army of the West in the impending war with Mexico. The Mormon Battalion, the only religion-based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. So if my dates and numbers are a little different from something else you’ve seen, that’s why. Contact the Park. If you can’t make it, there is another way. (I hope it helps you feel that, too!) al., Exploring Southwestern Trails, 1846–1854 (1938); Frank Alfred Golder, Thomas A. Bailey, and Lyman J. Smith, eds.,The March of the Mormon Battalion from Council Bluffs to California Taken from the Journal of Henry Standage (1928). One of the Mormon Battalion's greatest accomplishments was to open a southern wagon route to California. On July 16, 1846, 500 soldiers in the U.S. Army’s segregated Mormon Battalion set out from Iowa on what would become a six-month, 2,000-mile march to the Mission San Diego de Alcala. Some years ago I was involved in the development of a shopping center in Pollock Pines, California, a small community on Highway 50 east of Sacramento. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. [ Map of Mormon Battalion Route] The Mormon Battalion, composed of 500 men mustered into the service of the United States in the war with Mexico was called to the colors as the Mormon pioneers were beginning their historic trek to the Rocky Mountains at the conclusion of the 2,000 mile march from Council Bluffs Iowa to San Diego California. of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. Going on to Salt Lake, Ezra and two others were scouting the trail, when all 3 were killed. Why Did Moroni Quote Malachi about Elijah’s Coming? So for Richard, what could have been a 3-month, 1,000-mile journey to Salt Lake took 5,000 miles and more than 3 years. I wanted to capture the history of this remarkable trek in a map different than what I could find in current internet searches. A – We want to… Draw attention to the Mormon Battalion’s legacy using a “living history” reenactment. You may have wondered by now, “How do you know where the Battalion marched? We are making the first complete re-march following the 1846-1847 Mormon Battalion’s route – from Iowa to California. David Glassett creates his maps through Peaceful Valley Maps (www.pvmaps.com). For more in-depth information, we suggest using the online and mobile Interactive Maps detailed in … This road opened California to colonization by the United Statas, bringing Anyone who is interested in doing the entire trek needs to contact Henson directly, as soon as possible. While no Mormon was killed in the venture, two died enroute. The local O'odham and other Piman tribes along the march route were helpful and charitable to the American soldiers. They began their march to Fort Leavenworth on 21 July. The first part of this trail hugged the river bluffs. They camped among the PotawatomiIndians near what became Omaha, Nebraska. On 10 September, the Battalion met a group of messengers en route to Fort Leavenworth with the report that on 18 August Kearny, who had been promoted to general, had taken Santa Fe without firing a shot. Henson used computer software to plan the route. Tyler, Daniel. Those who want to participate in the cadre at any point along the way will be asked to dress in period clothing and will be issued 1846 army uniform accouterments, a period-authentic pack and a replica musket to use while he or she marches. Veterans of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. The advanced training had to be learned between Nauvoo and Winter Quarters. See more ideas about mormon battalion, mormon, battalion. Hmmmm! The battalion reached San Diego on January 29, 1847 where they were commended by their commanding officer Colonel Cooke for completing the longest infantry march in history. Prior to the march, east-west travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona, and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. [2] As quoted in “Marching with the Battalion” by Arianne B. Mormon Battalion-era campers. In 2002, Henson’s scouts reenacted the role of the Mormon Battalion, thereby representing the Mexican-American War. Water, transportation, and the route of the Swallows Day Parade share the story of Mormon... 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